Title: Does early-onset chronic or recurrent major depression impact outcomes with antidepressant medications? A CO-MED trial report
year: 2013
Journal: Psychol Med
Volume: 43
Issue: 5
Pages: 945-60
Epubdate: 12/12/2012
date: May
Alternate Journal: Psychological medicine
ISSN: 0033-2917
DOI: 10.1017/s0033291712001742
Accession Number: 23228340
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Prior studies have suggested that major depressive disorder (MDD) with pre-adult onset represents a distinct subtype with greater symptom severity and higher rates of suicidal ideation. Whether these patients have poorer response to various types of antidepressant treatment than those with adult-onset MDD is unclear. Method A total of 665 psychiatric and primary care out-patients (aged 18-75 years) with non-psychotic chronic or recurrent MDD participated in a single-blind, randomized trial that compared the efficacy of escitalopram plus placebo, bupropion sustained-release plus escitalopram, or venlafaxine extended-release plus mirtazapine. We compared participants who self-reported MDD onset (before age 18) to those with a later onset (adult onset) with respect to baseline characteristics and treatment/outcome variables at 12 and 28 weeks. RESULTS: Early-onset chronic/recurrent MDD was associated with a distinct set of sociodemographic (female, younger age) and clinical correlates (longer duration of illness, greater number of prior episodes, greater likelihood of atypical features, higher rates of suicidality and psychiatric co-morbidity, fewer medical problems, poorer quality of life, greater history of child abuse/neglect). However, results from unadjusted and adjusted analyses showed no significant differences in response, remission, tolerability of medications, quality of life, or retention at 12 or 28 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Although early-onset chronic/recurrent MDD is associated with a more severe clinical picture, it does not seem to be useful for predicting differential treatment response to antidepressant medication. Clinicians should remain alert to an increased risk of suicidality in this population.
Notes: 1469-8978
Sung, S C
Wisniewski, S R
Balasubramani, G K
Zisook, S
Kurian, B
Warden, D
Trivedi, M H
Rush, A J
CO-MED Study Team
N01MH90003/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
England
Psychol Med. 2013 May
43(5):945-60. doi: 10.1017/S0033291712001742. Epub 2012 Dec 11.
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/4672
Authors Address: Office of Clinical Sciences, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore, Singapore. sharon.sung@duke-nus.edu.sg
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2013

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