Title: Preserved working memory and altered brain activation in persons at risk for psychosis
year: 2013
Journal: Am J Psychiatry
Volume: 170
Issue: 11
Pages: 1297-307
Epubdate: 01/10/2013
date: Nov
Alternate Journal: The American journal of psychiatry
ISSN: 0002-953x
DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2013.12081135
Accession Number: 24077560
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Patients with schizophrenia exhibit impairments in working memory that often appear in attenuated form in persons at high risk for the illness. The authors hypothesized that deviations in task-related brain activation and deactivation would occur in persons with an at-risk mental state performing a working memory task that entailed the maintenance and manipulation of letters. METHOD: Participants at ultra high risk for developing psychosis (N=60), identified using the Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental States, and healthy comparison subjects (N=38) 14 to 29 years of age underwent functional MRI while performing a verbal working memory task. Group differences in brain activation were identified using analysis of covariance. RESULTS: The two groups did not show significant differences in speed or accuracy of performance, even after accounting for differences in education. Irrespective of task condition, at-risk participants exhibited significantly less activation than healthy comparison subjects in the left anterior insula. During letter manipulation, at-risk persons exhibited greater task-related deactivation within the default-mode network than comparison subjects. Region-of-interest analysis in the at-risk group revealed significantly greater right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex activation during manipulation of letters. CONCLUSIONS: Despite comparable behavioral performance, at-risk participants performing a verbal working memory task exhibited altered brain activation compared with healthy subjects. These findings demonstrate an altered pattern of brain activation in at-risk persons that contains elements of reduced function as well as compensation.
Notes: 1535-7228
Yaakub, Siti N
Dorairaj, Kavitha
Poh, Joann S
Asplund, Christopher L
Krishnan, Ranga
Lee, Jimmy
Keefe, Richard S E
Adcock, R Alison
Wood, Stephen J
Chee, Michael W L
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
United States
Am J Psychiatry. 2013 Nov
170(11):1297-307. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2013.12081135.
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/4687
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2013

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