Title: A preliminary investigation of the Spence Children's Anxiety Parent Scale as a screening tool for anxiety in young people with autism spectrum disorders
year: 2014
Journal: J Autism Dev Disord
Volume: 44
Issue: 8
Pages: 1982-94
Epubdate: 28/02/2014
date: Aug
Alternate Journal: Journal of autism and developmental disorders
ISSN: 0162-3257
DOI: 10.1007/s10803-014-2075-0
Accession Number: 24573336
Abstract: Despite high rates of clinically elevated anxiety difficulties in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), very few studies have systematically examined the usefulness of commonly used caregiver report anxiety screening tools with this population. This study investigated the use of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale-Parent version (SCAS-P) as a screening tool for anxiety disorders when compared to a standardized DSM-IV-TR-based clinical interview, the Kiddie-Schedule for Schizophrenia and Affective Disorders-Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL). Thirty-two caregivers of youth with a clinical diagnosis of ASD (mean age 10.3 years) attending a specialist autism school participated in this study. They first completed the SCAS-P, a measure of adaptive functioning and a checklist of other emotional and behavioral difficulties. They were then interviewed with the K-SADS-PL. Internal consistency for the SCAS Total score was .88, but Cronbach's alphas were <.70 in three of the six SCAS-P subscales. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the SCAS-P against K-SADS diagnosis were .75, .71, .27, and .95, respectively. All values were >.70, except for the PPV. Evidence of convergent validity between the SCAS-P, K-SADS-PL and DBC anxiety subscale was also found. The high false positive rates notwithstanding, the preliminary data of acceptable to excellent sensitivity, specificity and NPV values tentatively suggest that the SCAS-P may be useful for screening non-help seeking young people with ASD for elevated anxiety symptoms. Further replication in larger studies is needed and ways in which the SCAS-P could be further developed and investigated for use with youth with ASD are discussed.
Notes: 1573-3432
Zainal, Hani
Magiati, Iliana
Tan, Julianne Wen-Li
Sung, Min
Fung, Daniel S S
Howlin, Patricia
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
United States
J Autism Dev Disord. 2014 Aug
44(8):1982-94. doi: 10.1007/s10803-014-2075-0.
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/4762
Authors Address: Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore (NUS), AS4, 9 Arts Link, Singapore, 117570, Singapore.
Appears in Collections:2014




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