|Title:||Positive mental health in outpatients with affective disorders: Associations with life satisfaction and general functioning|
|Journal:||J Affect Disord|
|Alternate Journal:||Journal of affective disorders|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: Positive mental health (PMH) is an integral and essential component of health that encompasses emotional, psychological and social well-being. The Keyes' two continua model of mental health and illness posits that mental health status is not merely the absence of mental health problems, and it can be enhanced regardless of a diagnosis of mental illness. The present study hypothesized that mentally ill patients with higher levels of PMH would be associated with better life satisfaction and general functioning. METHODS: 218 outpatients with affective disorders at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited and administered the multidimensional Positive Mental Health instrument, which was validated and developed in Singapore to measure PMH. Depression and anxiety severity were also assessed. Associations of positive mental health with life satisfaction and general functioning were investigated in linear regression models. RESULTS: PMH scores varied largely within patients with depressive and anxiety disorders but did not differ statistically across the two diagnoses, except for emotional support. PMH was associated with both life satisfaction and general functioning with little evidence of confounding by sociodemographic and clinical status. LIMITATIONS: The cross-sectional design of the study could not examine causal relationships. Findings may be restrictive to treatment-seeking population with specific affective disorders. CONCLUSION: Our study provides evidence to support the notion that a good mental health state is not simply the absence of a mental disorder. Mentally ill patients can also have high levels of PMH that possibly have a moderating or mediating effect on the relationship between patients' clinical symptoms and life satisfaction or general functioning.|
J Affect Disord. 2016 Jan 15
190:499-507. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.10.021. Epub 2015 Oct 28.
|Authors Address:||Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore. Electronic address: esmond_LS_SEOW@imh.com.sg.|
Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore.
|Appears in Collections:||2015|
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