Title: QTc prolongation in schizophrenia patients in Asia: clinical correlates and trends between 2004 and 2008/2009
year: 2015
Journal: Hum Psychopharmacol
Volume: 30
Issue: 2
Pages: 94-9
Epubdate: 23/01/2015
date: Mar
Alternate Journal: Human psychopharmacology
ISSN: 0885-6222
DOI: 10.1002/hup.2458
Accession Number: 25611192
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the pattern of QT interval (QTc) prolongation in Asian patients with schizophrenia. This study examined trends of QTc prolongation in schizophrenia inpatients in six Asian countries and territories between 2004 and 2008/2009 and its independent demographic and clinical correlates. METHOD: Data on 3482 hospitalized schizophrenia patients (2004 = 1826 and 2008/2009 = 1656) in six Asian countries and territories were collected by either chart review or interviews during a 1-month period. Patients' sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, prescriptions of psychotropic drugs, and QTc interval were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure. RESULTS: The frequency of QTc prolongation (>456 ms) was 2.4% in the whole sample, decreasing from 3.1% in 2004 to 1.6% in 2008/2009 (p = 0.004) with wide intercountry variations. However, this decreased trend was driven by decreased QTc prolongation detected in China and Hong Kong (both p-values < 0.05). Multiple logistic regression analysis of the whole sample revealed that patients having more likely to have an illness lasting longer than 5 years and received antipsychotics classified as list-1 drugs according to the Arizona Centre for Education and Research on Therapeutics. Compared with 2004, patients in 2008/2009 were less likely to have QTc prolongation. Thioridazine caused QTc prolongation most frequently (odds ratio (OR) 4.4; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-15.2), followed by sulpiride (OR 2.4; 95% CI 1.3-4.5), clozapine (OR 2.4; 95% CI 1.4-4.2), and chlorpromazine (OR 1.9; 95% CI 1.07-3.5). CONCLUSIONS: Frequency of QTc prolongation was low in Asian patients with schizophrenia. QTc prolongation in schizophrenia decreased in China and Hong Kong between 2004 and 2008/2009 but increased in Taiwan over the same period, remaining low in the other countries.
Notes: 1099-1077
Hum Psychopharmacol. 2015 Mar
30(2):94-9. doi: 10.1002/hup.2458. Epub 2015 Jan 22.
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hup.2458/abstract
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/4843
Authors Address: Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Macao, Special Administrative Region, China
Department of Psychiatry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China.
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2015

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