Title: Days Out of Role Due to Mental and Physical Conditions: Results from the Singapore Mental Health Study
year: 2016
Journal: PLoS One
Volume: 11
Issue: 2
Pages: e0148248
Epubdate: 04/02/2016
Alternate Journal: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Legal note: PMC4739696
Article Number: 26840741
Keywords: Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Chronic Disease/economics/*epidemiology Cross-Sectional Studies Disabled Persons/statistics & numerical data Disease/*economics Efficiency Female Health Surveys Humans Male Mental Disorders/diagnosis/economics/*epidemiology Mental Health Middle Aged Sick Leave/economics/*statistics & numerical data Singapore/epidemiology Young Adult
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the relative contributions of mental and physical conditions to days out of role among adults aged 18 years and above in Singapore. METHODS: The Singapore Mental Health Study was a cross-sectional epidemiological survey of a nationally representative sample of residents aged 18 years or older. Diagnosis of mental disorders was established using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview; while chronic physical conditions were established using a checklist. Days out of role were assessed using a WHO Disability Assessment Schedule item. Multivariate regression analyses were used to estimate individual-level and societal-level effects of disorders. RESULTS: Overall, 8.7% of respondents reported at least one day out of role, with a mean of 5.8 days. The most disabling conditions at the individual level were cancer (118.9 additional days), cardiovascular diseases (93.5), and bipolar disorder (71.0). At the societal level, cardiovascular diseases contributed the highest population attributable risk proportion (45%), followed by cancer (39.3%), and hypertension (13.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Mental and physical conditions are linked to significant losses in productivity for society as well as role disability for individuals, underscoring the need to enhance prevention and intervention efforts to increase overall productivity and improve individual functioning.
Notes: 1932-6203 Abdin, Edimansyah Ong, Clarissa Chong, Siow Ann Vaingankar, Janhavi Ajit Subramaniam, Mythily Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States PLoS One. 2016 Feb 3;11(2):e0148248. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148248. eCollection 2016.
URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4739696/pdf/pone.0148248.pdf
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/4973
Authors Address: Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore.
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2016




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