Title: Performance of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in long-stay patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders in a psychiatric institute
year: 2016
Journal: Psychiatry Res
Volume: 241
Pages: 256-62
Epubdate: 21/05/2016
date: 01/07/1930
Alternate Journal: Psychiatry research
ISSN: 0165-1781
Article Number: 27203153
Keywords: Age of onset Antipsychotics Cognitive impairment Deinstitutionalisation Duration of illness Length of hospital stay Singapore
Abstract: Studies have found that age and education were associated with cognition in older adults. However, little is known how clinical factors (e.g. age of illness onset, length of hospital stay, type of antipsychotic medications, and duration of illness) are associated with cognitive functioning in patients with schizophrenia. This study aimed to examine the influence of socio-demographic and clinical factors on cognitive domains measured using Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) among patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders residing in a psychiatric institute in Singapore. A single-phase interview was conducted at the Institute of Mental Health (IMH) in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders (n=110). MMSE was administered to all participants. Data on socio-demographic characteristics, smoking, alcohol consumption, and medical history were collected. Age, gender, and level of education were significantly associated with MMSE scores. After adjusting for all socio-demographic correlates, longer length of hospital stay remained significant in predicting lower MMSE scores. Length of hospital stay was independently associated with cognitive functioning. Early interventions for cognition such as physical and mental exercises should be implemented for better prognosis.
Notes: 1872-7123 Ong, Hui Lin Subramaniam, Mythily Abdin, Edimansyah Wang, Peizhi Vaingankar, Janhavi Ajit Lee, Siau Pheng Shafie, Saleha Seow, Esmond Chong, Siow Ann Journal Article Ireland Psychiatry Res. 2016 Jul 30;241:256-62. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.04.116. Epub 2016 May 4.
URL: http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0165178115304844/1-s2.0-S0165178115304844-main.pdf?_tid=2c928fe4-ff1c-11e6-944f-00000aab0f26&acdnat=1488440895_36c270b37ed943a2a23747abffd3d922
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/5005
Authors Address: Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, Singapore 539747, Singapore. Electronic address: hui_lin_ong@imh.com.sg. Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, Singapore 539747, Singapore.
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2016

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