Title: Positive mental health in outpatients: comparison within diagnostic groups
year: 2016
Journal: BMC Psychiatry
Volume: 16
Issue: 1
Pages: 412
Epubdate: 20/11/2016
date: 01/11/2018
Alternate Journal: BMC psychiatry
ISSN: 1471-244x
Legal note: PMC5116138
Article Number: 27863524
Keywords: Multi-ethnic Outpatients Pmh Positive mental health Well-being
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Positive mental health (PMH) supplements the definition of mental health which is not just the mere absence of mental illness. It encompasses an individual's social, emotional and psychological well-being. This cross-sectional study examines the PMH levels in a multi-ethnic outpatient population and the socio-demographic correlates of PMH across the various diagnostic groups. In addition comparisons with the general population were conducted. METHODS: Outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum, depressive or anxiety disorders seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric care hospital were included in the study sample. All respondents completed the PMH instrument. Independent t-tests and ANOVA with Bonferroni post-hoc tests were used to establish differences between the PMH levels and domains. RESULTS: Three hundred and sixty outpatients with a mean age of 39.2 years were included in the study. 52.5% were younger adults (21-39 years). There were slightly more males (50.8%) and 56.1% of the sample was unemployed. PMH scores differed between the patient and general populations. There were significant associations of the PMH domains with socio-demographic variables such as age, ethnicity, gender and education status in the patient population. CONCLUSIONS: PMH can be viewed as a protective factor of mental illnesses. As such it is critical that mental health professionals examine the domains of PMH in individuals with mental illnesses. This will in turn allow them to develop coping strategies that can look into focusing on emotional, psychological and social well-being appropriately to allow these individuals to thrive.
Notes: 1471-244x Sambasivam, Rajeswari Vaingankar, Janhavi Ajit Chong, Siow Ann Abdin, Edimansyah Jeyagurunathan, Anitha Seow, Lee Seng Esmond Pang, Shirlene Subramaniam, Mythily Journal Article England BMC Psychiatry. 2016 Nov 18;16(1):412.
URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5116138/pdf/12888_2016_Article_1113.pdf
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/5006
Authors Address: Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore. rajeswari_sambasivam@imh.com.sg. Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore.
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2016

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