Title: Positive mental health in outpatients with affective disorders: Associations with life satisfaction and general functioning
year: 2016
Journal: J Affect Disord
Volume: 190
Pages: 499-507
Epubdate: 13/11/2015
date: 01/01/2015
Alternate Journal: Journal of affective disorders
ISSN: 0165-0327
Article Number: 26561940
Keywords: *Adaptation, Psychological Adult Aged Anxiety Disorders/*psychology Cross-Sectional Studies Depressive Disorder/*psychology Female Humans Male Middle Aged Outpatients/psychology *Personal Satisfaction Young Adult
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Positive mental health (PMH) is an integral and essential component of health that encompasses emotional, psychological and social well-being. The Keyes' two continua model of mental health and illness posits that mental health status is not merely the absence of mental health problems, and it can be enhanced regardless of a diagnosis of mental illness. The present study hypothesized that mentally ill patients with higher levels of PMH would be associated with better life satisfaction and general functioning. METHODS: 218 outpatients with affective disorders at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited and administered the multidimensional Positive Mental Health instrument, which was validated and developed in Singapore to measure PMH. Depression and anxiety severity were also assessed. Associations of positive mental health with life satisfaction and general functioning were investigated in linear regression models. RESULTS: PMH scores varied largely within patients with depressive and anxiety disorders but did not differ statistically across the two diagnoses, except for emotional support. PMH was associated with both life satisfaction and general functioning with little evidence of confounding by sociodemographic and clinical status. LIMITATIONS: The cross-sectional design of the study could not examine causal relationships. Findings may be restrictive to treatment-seeking population with specific affective disorders. CONCLUSION: Our study provides evidence to support the notion that a good mental health state is not simply the absence of a mental disorder. Mentally ill patients can also have high levels of PMH that possibly have a moderating or mediating effect on the relationship between patients' clinical symptoms and life satisfaction or general functioning.
Notes: 1573-2517 Seow, Lee Seng Esmond Vaingankar, Janhavi Ajit Abdin, Edimansyah Sambasivam, Rajeswari Jeyagurunathan, Anitha Pang, Shirlene Chong, Siow Ann Subramaniam, Mythily Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Netherlands J Affect Disord. 2016 Jan 15;190:499-507. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.10.021. Epub 2015 Oct 28.
URL: http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0165032715308053/1-s2.0-S0165032715308053-main.pdf?_tid=8403fd82-ffe2-11e6-8274-00000aab0f26&acdnat=1488526082_c1729d67c8225d962e735ad3a6f9f879
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/5007
Authors Address: Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore. Electronic address: esmond_LS_SEOW@imh.com.sg. Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore.
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2016

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