Title: Recognition of mental disorders among a multiracial population in Southeast Asia
year: 2016
Journal: BMC Psychiatry
Volume: 16
Pages: 121
Epubdate: 05/05/2016
date: 01/05/2004
Alternate Journal: BMC psychiatry
ISSN: 1471-244x
Legal note: PMC4855433
Article Number: 27142577
Keywords: Adult Aged Asia, Southeastern/epidemiology Continental Population Groups Cross-Sectional Studies Dementia Depression/epidemiology/*psychology Ethnic Groups/*statistics & numerical data Female *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Health Literacy/*statistics & numerical data Humans Male Mental Health/*statistics & numerical data Middle Aged Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/epidemiology/*psychology Schizophrenia Surveys and Questionnaires Help-seeking Mental health literacy Population study Public beliefs Vignette
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy is an important mediating factor in help-seeking behavior. An important component of this literacy is the proper recognition of mental disorders. The aim of this population-based study in Singapore was to determine the proportion of adults in the resident population who were able to recognize vignettes pertaining to alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia correctly. The sociodemographic characteristics that were associated with the ability to correctly recognize these disorders were also examined. METHODS: This was a nationwide cross-sectional study that involved establishing mental health literacy using a vignette approach. Respondents were recruited using a disproportionate stratified sampling design by age and ethnic groups. Face-to face-interviews were conducted with respondents aged 18 to 65 years belonging to Chinese, Malay, Indian and Other ethnic groups. RESULTS: A total of 3,006 respondents completed the survey (response rate of 71%). The most well recognized conditions were dementia (66.3%), alcohol abuse (57.1%) and depression (55.2%). The least recognized were OCD (28.7%) and schizophrenia (11.5%). Younger age and higher educational levels were found to be significant factors associated with the better recognition of specific disorders. CONCLUSION: The relatively high rate of recognition of dementia was likely to be due to the emphasis on public education programmes on dementia which is viewed as an emerging challenge due to Singapore's rapidly ageing population. The role of education and the portrayal of depression and alcohol related problems in the local mass media are possible influences in their better recognition as compared to OCD and schizophrenia. Sociodemographic characteristics influencing mental health literacy need to be considered in planning intervention strategies that target mental health literacy.
Notes: 1471-244x Chong, Siow Ann Abdin, Edimansyah Picco, Louisa Pang, Shirlene Jeyagurunathan, Anitha Vaingankar, Janhavi Ajit Kwok, Kian Woon Subramaniam, Mythily Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England BMC Psychiatry. 2016 May 4;16:121. doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-0837-2.
URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4855433/pdf/12888_2016_Article_837.pdf
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/5017
Authors Address: Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, Singapore, 539747, Singapore. Division of Sociology, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 637332, Singapore. Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, Singapore, 539747, Singapore. Mythily@imh.com.sg.
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2016

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