Title: Body mass index, waist-hip ratio and risk of chronic medical condition in the elderly population: results from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) Study
year: 2016
Journal: BMC Geriatr
Volume: 16
Pages: 125
Epubdate: 19/06/2016
date: 01/06/2018
Alternate Journal: BMC geriatrics
ISSN: 1471-2318
Legal note: PMC4912714
Article Number: 27315800
Keywords: Body mass index chronic medical conditions elderly waist-hip ratio
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence and relationship of Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR) with chronic health conditions and their associated socio-demographic correlates in the elderly population of Singapore. METHODS: The data was extracted from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study, a comprehensive single phase, cross-sectional, population-based, epidemiological study conducted in 2013 among Singaporean residents (n = 2565) aged 60 years and above with a mean age of 72.7 years (range 60 to 105, SD = 9.53). The respondents were assessed with anthropometric measurements including height, weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference and WHR. Participants provided information on their socio-demographic details and chronic health conditions. RESULTS: Prevalence of those who were obese, overweight, normal and underweight based on BMI was 8.7 %, 33.4 %, 52.5 % and 5.5 % respectively. Malays were more likely to be overweight compared to Chinese and Indians, while Malays and Indians were more likely to be obese compared to Chinese. Participants who were never married were less likely to be overweight compared to married. Participants aged 85 years and above were more likely to be underweight compared to those aged 60-75 years. Prevalence of high WHR (above 0.90 for men and 0.80 for women) was 79.8 % and this was more pervasive amongst Indians. Participants who were homemakers were more likely to have high WHR while those with tertiary education tended to have low WHR. Being overweight was associated with hypertension and heart problems, while obesity was associated with hypertension and diabetes, and a high WHR was associated with hypertension and diabetes. There were no significant differences in the other chronic conditions in this elderly population. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the importance of anthropometric measurements in the elderly and its association with certain chronic physical conditions, indicating their utility in the clinical management of these conditions in the elderly.
Notes: 1471-2318 Fauziana, Restria Jeyagurunathan, Anitha Abdin, Edimansyah Vaingankar, Janhavi Sagayadevan, Vathsala Shafie, Saleha Sambasivam, Rajeswari Chong, Siow Ann Subramaniam, Mythily Journal Article England BMC Geriatr. 2016 Jun 18;16:125. doi: 10.1186/s12877-016-0297-z.
URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4912714/pdf/12877_2016_Article_297.pdf
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/5041
Authors Address: Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, Singapore, 539747, Singapore. Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, Singapore, 539747, Singapore. anitha_jeyagurunathan@imh.com.sg.
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2016




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