Title: Anxiety symptoms in young people with autism spectrum disorder attending special schools: Associations with gender, adaptive functioning and autism symptomatology
year: 2016
Journal: Autism
Volume: 20
Issue: 3
Pages: 306-20
Epubdate: 29/04/2015
date: Apr
Alternate Journal: Autism : the international journal of research and practice
ISSN: 1362-3613
Article Number: 25916865
Keywords: *Adaptation, Psychological Adolescent Age Factors Anxiety Disorders/*complications/*psychology Autism Spectrum Disorder/*complications/*psychology Child Cross-Sectional Studies Female Humans Male *Schools Severity of Illness Index Sex Factors Singapore adolescents anxiety autism spectrum disorder children correlates predictors
Abstract: Anxiety-related problems are among the most frequently reported mental health difficulties in autism spectrum disorder. As most research has focused on clinical samples or high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder, less is known about the factors associated with anxiety in community samples across the ability range. This cross-sectional study examined the association of gender, age, adaptive functioning and autism symptom severity with different caregiver-reported anxiety symptoms. Participants were caregivers of 241 children (6-18 years old) with autism spectrum disorder attending special schools in Singapore. Measures included the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale and assessments of overall emotional, behavioural and adaptive functioning. Caregivers reported more anxiety symptoms in total, but fewer social anxiety symptoms, than Spence Children's Anxiety Scale Australian/Dutch norms. There were no gender differences. Variance in total anxiety scores was best explained by severity of repetitive speech/stereotyped behaviour symptoms, followed by adaptive functioning. Severity of repetitive speech/behaviour symptoms was a significant predictor of separation anxiety, generalized anxiety, panic/agoraphobia and obsessive-compulsive subscale symptoms, but not of social phobia and physical injury fears. Adaptive functioning and chronological age predicted social phobia and generalized anxiety symptoms only. Severity of social/communication autism symptoms did not explain any anxiety symptoms, when the other variables were controlled for. Findings are discussed in relation to the existing literature. Limitations and possible implications for prevention, assessment and intervention are also discussed.
Notes: 1461-7005 Magiati, Iliana Ong, Clarissa Lim, Xin Yi Tan, Julianne Wen-Li Ong, Amily Yi Lin Patrycia, Ferninda Fung, Daniel Shuen Sheng Sung, Min Poon, Kenneth K Howlin, Patricia Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England Autism. 2016 Apr;20(3):306-20. doi: 10.1177/1362361315577519. Epub 2015 Apr 27.
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/5059
Authors Address: National University of Singapore, Singapore psyim@nus.edu.sg. Institute of Mental Health, Singapore. National University of Singapore, Singapore. National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Institute of Psychiatry, UK Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia.
Database Provider: NLM
language: eng
Appears in Collections:2016

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