Title: Changes in the nature and intensity of stress following employment among people with severe mental illness receiving individual placement and support services: an exploratory qualitative study
year: 2017
Journal: J Ment Health
Volume: 26
Issue: 4
Pages: 312-317
date: Aug
ISSN: 1360-0567 (Electronic);0963-8237 (Linking)
Article Number: 28635436
Keywords: Adult;Employment, Supported/*psychology;Female;Humans;Male;Mental Disorders/rehabilitation;Mentally Ill Persons/*psychology;Qualitative Research;Rehabilitation, Vocational;*Stress, Psychological;Ips;Stress;coping;individual placement and support;severe mental illness;supported employment;work
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed. Grounded theory was used to structure the analysis. RESULTS: Most participants reported that their stress level decreased once they found work. Stress following work was associated with fear of failure, pressure to perform and uncertainty. The support that people perceived in their return-to-work project, and where they were on their recovery journey, modulated their perception of stress. Many cited IPS as a source of support. CONCLUSIONS: Competitive work changed the nature of stress and was mostly associated with a decrease in stress level. Adjunctive interventions aiming to buffer self-stigma or help participants use more adaptive coping mechanisms may merit investigation.
Notes: Besse, Christine;Poremski, Daniel;Laliberte, Vincent;Latimer, Eric;eng;England;2017/06/22 06:00;J Ment Health. 2017 Aug;26(4):312-317. doi: 10.1080/09638237.2017.1294738. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28635436;https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09638237.2017.1294738
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/5098
Authors Address: a Community Psychiatry Service, CHUV (Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois) , Lausanne , Switzerland.;d Douglas Hospital Research Centre and Department of Psychiatry, McGill University , Montreal, Quebec , Canada.;b Institute of Mental Health , Singapore , Singapore.;c Department of Psychiatry , and.
Appears in Collections:2017

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