Title: Prevalence and correlates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in older adults: results from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study
year: 2017
Journal: Int Psychogeriatr
Volume: 29
Issue: 11
Pages: 1899-1907
date: Nov
ISSN: 1741-203X (Electronic);1041-6102 (Linking)
Article Number: 28737117
Keywords: diabetes;disability;epidemiology;falls;traumatic brain injury
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Older adults are among the most susceptible to sustain traumatic brain injury (TBI). The study aimed to determine the (1) prevalence of TBI among older adults in Singapore, and (2) socio-demographic, lifestyle, and clinical correlates of TBI. METHODS: Data were extracted from the cross-sectional, Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study. The study included 2,565 participants aged 60 years and above (Mean = 72.75, SD = 9.54). Information on TBI, socio-demographic, and lifestyle factors were collected using participant self-report and verified with the informant report where necessary. Disability was measured using the World Health Organization - Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHO-DAS 2.0). Data were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of TBI was 3.6%. Being female (vs. male) was found to be associated with decreased odds of having TBI. Having completed secondary education or lower (vs. tertiary education) was found to be associated with increased odds of having TBI. A history of fainting and diabetes were associated with the presence of TBI. Those with TBI were associated with higher disability scores on the WHO-DAS 2.0 than those without TBI. CONCLUSIONS: The current study provides information on the prevalence and associated factors of TBI in the older adult population in Singapore. Since TBI was associated with older adults with diabetes, they must be cautioned about fall risk. Also, given the association with disability, older adults with TBI are likely to require support and rehabilitative care to ensure good quality of life.
Notes: Cetty, Laxman;Abdin, Edimansyah;Vaingankar, Janhavi Ajit;Jeyagurunathan, Anitha;Chua, Boon Yiang;Picco, Louisa;Prince, Martin;Chong, Siow Ann;Subramaniam, Mythily;eng;England;2017/07/25 06:00;Int Psychogeriatr. 2017 Nov;29(11):1899-1907. doi: 10.1017/S104161021700134X. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28737117;https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-psychogeriatrics/article/prevalence-and-correlates-of-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-in-older-adults-results-from-the-wellbeing-of-the-singapore-elderly-wise-study/70A21526190B232CC891C18656F7ED4C
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/5108
Authors Address: Research Division,Institute of Mental Health,Singapore.;Health Service and Population Research Department,King's College London,London,UK.
Appears in Collections:2017

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