Title: Correct recognition and continuum belief of mental disorders in a nursing student population
year: 2017
Journal: BMC Psychiatry
Volume: 17
Issue: 1
Pages: 289
date: 01/08/2007
ISSN: 1471-244X (Electronic);1471-244X (Linking)
Legal note: PMC5547490
Article Number: 28784095
Keywords: Adult;Cross-Sectional Studies;Female;*Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice;Humans;Male;Mental Disorders/*diagnosis/*psychology;Mental Health;*Recognition (Psychology);Singapore;Students, Nursing/*psychology;Young Adult
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to explore the correct recognition of mental disorders across dementia, alcohol abuse, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia and depression, along with its correlates in a nursing student population. The belief in a continuum of symptoms from mental health to mental illness and its relationship with the non-identification of mental illness was also explored. METHODS: Five hundred students from four nursing institutions in Singapore participated in this cross-sectional online study. Respondents were randomly assigned to a vignette describing one of the five mental disorders before being asked to identify what the person in the vignette is suffering from. Continuum belief was assessed by rating their agreeableness with the following statement: "Sometimes we all behave like X. It is just a question of how severe or obvious this condition is". RESULTS: OCD had the highest correct recognition rate (86%), followed by depression (85%), dementia (77%), alcohol abuse (58%) and schizophrenia (46%). For continuum belief, the percentage of respondents who endorsed symptom continuity were 70% for depression, 61% for OCD, 58% for alcohol abuse, 56% for dementia and 46% for schizophrenia. Of concern, we found stronger continuum belief to be associated with the non-identification of mental illness after controlling for covariates. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to improve mental health literacy among nursing students. Almost a quarter of the respondents identified excessive alcohol drinking as depression, even though there was no indication of any mood symptom in the vignette on alcohol abuse. Further education and training in schizophrenia may need to be conducted. Healthcare trainees should also be made aware on the possible influence of belief in symptom continuity on one's tendency to under-attribute mental health symptoms as a mental illness.
Notes: Seow, Lee Seng Esmond;Chua, Boon Yiang;Xie, Huiting;Wang, Jia;Ong, Hui Lin;Abdin, Edimansyah;Chong, Siow Ann;Subramaniam, Mythily;eng;England;2017/08/09 06:00;BMC Psychiatry. 2017 Aug 7;17(1):289. doi: 10.1186/s12888-017-1447-3.
URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28784095;https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5547490/pdf/12888_2017_Article_1447.pdf
URI: https://open-access.imh.com.sg/handle/123456789/5175
Authors Address: Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore. esmond_LS_SEOW@imh.com.sg.;Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore.;Nursing Administration, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore.
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