|Title:||Modular-level alterations of structure-function coupling in schizophrenia connectome|
|Journal:||Hum Brain Mapp|
|ISSN:||1097-0193 (Electronic);1065-9471 (Linking)|
|Keywords:||Adult;Brain/*diagnostic imaging/*physiopathology;*Connectome;Diffusion Tensor Imaging;Female;Humans;Image Processing, Computer-Assisted;Magnetic Resonance Imaging;Male;Middle Aged;Neural Pathways/diagnostic imaging/*physiopathology;Oxygen/blood;Psychiatric Status Rating Scales;Schizophrenia/diagnostic imaging/*pathology/*physiopathology;Young Adult;*diffusion tensor imaging (DTI);*modular architecture;*resting-state fMRI;*schizophrenia;*structural-functional coupling|
|Abstract:||Convergent evidences have revealed that schizophrenia is associated with brain dysconnectivity, which leads to abnormal network organization. However, discrepancies were apparent between the structural connectivity (SC) and functional connectivity (FC) studies, and the relationship between structural and functional deficits in schizophrenia remains largely unknown. In this study, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and structural diffusion tensor imaging were performed in 20 patients with schizophrenia and 20 matched healthy volunteers (patients/controls = 19/17 after head motion rejection). Functional and structural brain networks were obtained for each participant. Graph theoretical approaches were employed to parcellate the FC networks into functional modules. The relationships between the entries of SC and FC were estimated within each module to identify group differences and their correlations with clinical symptoms. Although five common functional modules (including the default mode, occipital, subcortical, frontoparietal, and central modules) were identified in both groups, the patients showed a significantly reduced modularity in comparison with healthy participants. Furthermore, we found that schizophrenia-related aberrations of SC-FC coupling exhibited complex patterns among modules. Compared with controls, patients showed an increased SC-FC coupling in the default mode and the central modules. Moreover, significant SC-FC decoupling was demonstrated in the occipital and the subcortical modules, which was associated with longer duration of illness and more severe clinical manifestations of schizophrenia. Taken together, these findings demonstrated that altered module-dependent SC-FC coupling may underlie abnormal brain function and clinical symptoms observed in schizophrenia and highlighted the potential for using new multimodal neuroimaging biomarkers for diagnosis and severity evaluation of schizophrenia. Hum Brain Mapp 38:2008-2025, 2017. (c) 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.|
|Notes:||Sun, Yu;Dai, Zhongxiang;Li, Junhua;Collinson, Simon L;Sim, Kang;eng;Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't;2016/12/30 06:00;Hum Brain Mapp. 2017 Apr;38(4):2008-2025. doi: 10.1002/hbm.23501. Epub 2016 Dec 29.|
|Authors Address:||Singapore Institute for Neurotechnology (SINAPSE), Centre for Life Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore.;Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore, Singapore.;Department of General Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health (IMH), Singapore.;Department of Research, Institute of Mental Health (IMH), Singapore.|
|Appears in Collections:||2017|
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